Below are brief descriptions of the various eye conditions we commonly see and treat at Apple Valley Vision in Payson.
There are many different types of eye conditions that could be affecting your eyesight or could have long-term consequences if not treated properly or promptly. We list some of the more common conditions below. If you think you or someone in your family has one of these conditions, please contact Apple Valley Vision in Payson for an exam and recommendations.
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome refers to a breakdown in the quantity or quality of tears to moisten, cleanse and protect the eyes. This is significant because, with each blink, tears protect the surface of the eye, washing away dust and microorganisms. When this protective coating dries up, the eyes may feel “gritty” or burn and can be more sensitive to light. In extreme cases, vision can be blurred.
If you suspect that you have dry eye, see your eye doctor. Proper care will not only increase your comfort – it will protect your eyes. Your eye care provider can perform a series of tests to determine if you have dry eyes. Check out our LipiFlow Dry Eye Treatment page for more information.
Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Lazy eye, medically known as amblyopia, is a loss or lack of development of vision, usually in one eye. This degenerative process usually begins with an inherited condition and appears during infancy or early childhood. Lazy eye needs to be diagnosed between birth and early school age since it is during this period that the brain “chooses” its visual pathway and may ignore the weaker eye permanently.
Lazy eye is not always easy to recognize since a child with worse vision in one eye does not necessarily have lazy eye. Because of this, it is recommended that all children, including those with no symptoms, have a comprehensive eye examination by the age of three and sooner if there is a family history of any eye condition or disease. If you suspect a problem, or need to set up your child’s first eye examination, contact Apple Valley Vision to set up an appointment.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
As a chronic, progressive disease, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of adult blindness in developed countries. It occurs when fatty deposits accumulate in the retina and block absorption of nutrients, such as vitamin A, necessary for normal cell function.
AMD affects the part of the retina responsible for central vision, called the macula. As the macula deteriorates, it becomes increasingly difficult to read, recognize faces, and see in dim light.
While no one knows exactly what causes age-related macular degeneration, there are a few factors that put older adults at risk for developing this condition.
- Age: Age is the greatest risk factor for AMD, especially for those over 50 years of age.
- Family history: Individuals with a family history of AMD (siblings, parents) are more prone to this disease. Several genes related to the development of AMD have been identified, showing that the disease has a hereditary component.
- Race: Caucasians have the greatest likelihood of developing AMD.
- Smoking: Smokers, ex-smokers and people regularly exposed to smoke are more likely to get AMD than those who never smoked.
- Obesity: Being overweight increases your risk of AMD, but those who are obese have a greater chance of progressing to the more severe form of the disease.
- Cardiovascular disease: Conditions that affect your heart and blood vessels may put you at a higher risk of AMD.
Blepharitis is a general term for an inflammation of the eyelid and eyelashes. It is among the most common and stubborn eye conditions usually resulting from poor eyelid hygiene, a low-grade bacterial infection (usually staphylococcal), an allergic reaction and/or abnormalities in oil gland function.
Like some other skin conditions, blepharitis can be controlled but not cured. The main goals in treating it are to reduce the amount of bacteria along the lid margin and open plugged glands. Contact Apple Valley Vision to assess the severity of your problem and the best treatment method.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s normally clear lens, which leads to a progressive blurring or dimming of vision. It is the world’s leading cause of blindness and among the most common conditions related to aging – by age 65, you have a 50 percent chance of developing a cataract, and, by age 75, it jumps to 70 percent.
A cataract starts out small and initially has little or no effect on vision. As the cataract progresses, it becomes harder to read and perform other normal tasks. In the early stages, your doctor may recommend stronger eyeglasses and adjusting your lighting to reduce glare. When cataracts disrupt your daily life, your doctor may recommend cataract-removal surgery, which is one of the most frequent and successful procedures done in the U.S.
Computer Vision Syndrome
Computer Vision Syndrome is characterized by neck pain, blurry vision, stiff shoulders, headache and watery eyes when working in front of a computer screen. The symptoms are typically due to posture, dry eyes, eye muscle coordination and poorly corrected vision.
Since computer monitors are typically 20 to 26 inches from your eyes, your regular glasses may not be the best option for computer work. This distance range is considered intermediate – closer than what you use to drive a car but farther away than what you use to read. Special lens designs for computer work provide you with a larger intermediate area for viewing the computer and your immediate work area like the top of your desk. Apple Valley Vision can help you determine if these special lenses are appropriate for you.
Cross-eyed, medically known as strabismus, refers to a condition in which eyes are misaligned. It commonly occurs when the muscles that control eye movement are not properly working together. The result is one or both eyes turning inward, outward, upward or downward, or one or both eyes moving irregularly.
Strabismus is usually diagnosed during childhood and affects about 4 percent of children, afflicting boys and girls equally. Though it cannot be prevented, its complications can be avoided with early intervention. Even if you notice symptoms intermittently – when your child is ill, stressed or fatigued – alert your eye care provider.
Apple Valley Vision has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye conditions detailed above at our office in Payson. For more information please schedule an appointment with Dr. Brian Rowley or Dr. Steven Blake, or contact us and we will be in touch with you shortly.